Contract Diff Checker

Contract Name:
LlamaPolicyMetadata

Contract Source Code:

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity 0.8.19;

import {Initializable} from "@openzeppelin/proxy/utils/Initializable.sol";
import {Base64} from "@openzeppelin/utils/Base64.sol";

import {LibString} from "@solady/utils/LibString.sol";

import {ILlamaPolicyMetadata} from "src/interfaces/ILlamaPolicyMetadata.sol";

/// @title Llama Policy Metadata
/// @author Llama ([email protected])
/// @notice Utility contract to compute Llama policy metadata.
contract LlamaPolicyMetadata is ILlamaPolicyMetadata, Initializable {
  // =================================================
  // ======== Constants and Storage Variables ========
  // =================================================

  /// @notice Color code for SVG.
  string public color;

  /// @notice Logo for SVG.
  string public logo;

  // ======================================================
  // ======== Contract Creation and Initialization ========
  // ======================================================

  /// @dev This contract is deployed as a minimal proxy from the policy's `_setAndInitializePolicyMetadata` function. The
  /// `_disableInitializers` locks the implementation (logic) contract, preventing any future initialization of it.
  constructor() {
    _disableInitializers();
  }

  /// @inheritdoc ILlamaPolicyMetadata
  function initialize(bytes memory config) external initializer returns (bool) {
    (string memory _color, string memory _logo) = abi.decode(config, (string, string));
    color = _color;
    logo = _logo;

    return true;
  }

  /// @inheritdoc ILlamaPolicyMetadata
  function getTokenURI(string memory name, address executor, uint256 tokenId) external view returns (string memory) {
    string[21] memory parts;
    string memory policyholder = LibString.toHexString(address(uint160(tokenId)));
    string memory truncatedAddress =
      string.concat(LibString.slice(policyholder, 0, 6), "...", LibString.slice(policyholder, 38, 42));

    parts[0] =
      '<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="390" height="500" fill="none"><g clip-path="url(#a)"><rect width="390" height="500" fill="#0B101A" rx="13.393" /><mask id="b" width="364" height="305" x="4" y="30" maskUnits="userSpaceOnUse" style="mask-type:alpha"><ellipse cx="186.475" cy="182.744" fill="#8000FF" rx="196.994" ry="131.329" transform="rotate(-31.49 186.475 182.744)" /></mask><g mask="url(#b)"><g filter="url(#c)"><ellipse cx="226.274" cy="247.516" fill="url(#d)" rx="140.048" ry="59.062" transform="rotate(-31.49 226.274 247.516)" /></g><g filter="url(#e)"><ellipse cx="231.368" cy="254.717" fill="url(#f)" rx="102.858" ry="43.378" transform="rotate(-31.49 231.368 254.717)" /></g></g><g filter="url(#g)"><ellipse cx="237.625" cy="248.969" fill="url(#h)" rx="140.048" ry="59.062" transform="rotate(-31.49 237.625 248.969)" /></g><circle cx="109.839" cy="147.893" r="22" fill="url(#i)" /><rect width="150" height="35.071" x="32" y="376.875" fill="';

    parts[1] = color;

    parts[2] =
      '" rx="17.536" /><text xml:space="preserve" fill="#0B101A" font-family="ui-monospace,Cascadia Mono,Menlo,Monaco,Segoe UI Mono,Roboto Mono,Oxygen Mono,Ubuntu Monospace,Source Code Pro,Droid Sans Mono,Fira Mono,Courier,monospace" font-size="16"><tspan x="45.393" y="399.851">';

    parts[3] = truncatedAddress;

    parts[4] =
      '</tspan></text><path fill="#fff" d="M341 127.067a11.433 11.433 0 0 0 8.066-8.067 11.436 11.436 0 0 0 8.067 8.067 11.433 11.433 0 0 0-8.067 8.066 11.43 11.43 0 0 0-8.066-8.066Z" /><path stroke="#fff" stroke-width="1.5" d="M349.036 248.018V140.875" /><circle cx="349.036" cy="259.178" r="4.018" fill="#fff" /><path stroke="#fff" stroke-width="1.5" d="M349.036 292.214v-21.429" /><path fill="#fff" d="M343.364 33.506a1.364 1.364 0 0 0-2.728 0V43.85l-7.314-7.314a1.364 1.364 0 0 0-1.929 1.928l7.315 7.315h-10.344a1.364 1.364 0 0 0 0 2.727h10.344l-7.315 7.315a1.365 1.365 0 0 0 1.929 1.928l7.314-7.314v10.344a1.364 1.364 0 0 0 2.728 0V50.435l7.314 7.314a1.364 1.364 0 0 0 1.929-1.928l-7.315-7.315h10.344a1.364 1.364 0 1 0 0-2.727h-10.344l7.315-7.315a1.365 1.365 0 0 0-1.929-1.928l-7.314 7.314V33.506ZM73.81 44.512h-4.616v1.932h1.777v10.045h-2.29v1.932h6.82V56.49h-1.69V44.512ZM82.469 44.512h-4.617v1.932h1.777v10.045h-2.29v1.932h6.82V56.49h-1.69V44.512ZM88.847 51.534c.097-.995.783-1.526 2.02-1.526 1.236 0 1.854.531 1.854 1.68v.28l-3.4.416c-2.02.251-3.603 1.13-3.603 3.11 0 1.971 1.497 3.101 3.767 3.101 1.903 0 2.743-.724 3.14-1.343h.192v1.17h2.647v-6.337c0-2.763-1.777-4.009-4.54-4.009-2.782 0-4.482 1.246-4.685 3.168v.29h2.608Zm-.338 3.835c0-.763.58-1.13 1.42-1.246l2.792-.367v.435c0 1.632-1.082 2.453-2.57 2.453-1.043 0-1.642-.502-1.642-1.275ZM97.614 58.42h2.608v-6.51c0-1.246.657-1.787 1.575-1.787.821 0 1.226.474 1.226 1.275v7.023h2.609v-6.51c0-1.247.656-1.788 1.564-1.788.831 0 1.227.474 1.227 1.275v7.023h2.618v-7.38c0-1.835-1.159-2.927-2.927-2.927-1.584 0-2.318.686-2.743 1.44h-.194c-.289-.657-1.004-1.44-2.472-1.44-1.44 0-2.067.6-2.415 1.208h-.193v-1.015h-2.483v10.114ZM115.654 51.534c.097-.995.782-1.526 2.019-1.526 1.236 0 1.854.531 1.854 1.68v.28l-3.4.416c-2.019.251-3.603 1.13-3.603 3.11 0 1.971 1.498 3.101 3.767 3.101 1.903 0 2.744-.724 3.14-1.343h.193v1.17h2.647v-6.337c0-2.763-1.778-4.009-4.54-4.009-2.782 0-4.482 1.246-4.685 3.168v.29h2.608Zm-.338 3.835c0-.763.58-1.13 1.42-1.246l2.791-.367v.435c0 1.632-1.081 2.453-2.569 2.453-1.043 0-1.642-.502-1.642-1.275ZM35.314 52.07a.906.906 0 0 1 .88-.895h11.72a4.205 4.205 0 0 0 3.896-2.597 4.22 4.22 0 0 0 .323-1.614V32h-3.316v14.964a.907.907 0 0 1-.88.894H36.205a4.206 4.206 0 0 0-2.972 1.235A4.219 4.219 0 0 0 32 52.07v10.329h3.314v-10.33ZM53.6 34.852h-.147l.141.14v3.086h3.05l1.43 1.446a4.21 4.21 0 0 0-2.418 1.463 4.222 4.222 0 0 0-.95 2.664v18.752h3.3V43.647a.909.909 0 0 1 .894-.895h.508c1.947 0 2.608-1.086 2.803-1.543.196-.456.498-1.7-.88-3.085l-3.23-3.261h-1.006" /><path fill="#fff" d="M44.834 60.77a5.448 5.448 0 0 1 3.89 1.629h4.012a8.8 8.8 0 0 0-3.243-3.608 8.781 8.781 0 0 0-12.562 3.608h4.012a5.459 5.459 0 0 1 3.89-1.629Z" />';

    parts[5] = logo;

    parts[6] =
      '</g><defs><radialGradient id="d" cx="0" cy="0" r="1" gradientTransform="rotate(-90.831 270.037 36.188) scale(115.966 274.979)" gradientUnits="userSpaceOnUse"><stop stop-color="';

    parts[7] = color;

    parts[8] = '" /><stop offset="1" stop-color="';

    parts[9] = color;

    parts[10] =
      '" stop-opacity="0" /></radialGradient><radialGradient id="f" cx="0" cy="0" r="1" gradientTransform="matrix(7.1866 -72.99558 127.41796 12.54463 239.305 292.746)" gradientUnits="userSpaceOnUse"><stop stop-color="';

    parts[11] = color;

    parts[12] = '" /><stop offset="1" stop-color="';

    parts[13] = color;

    parts[14] =
      '" stop-opacity="0" /></radialGradient><radialGradient id="h" cx="0" cy="0" r="1" gradientTransform="rotate(-94.142 264.008 51.235) scale(212.85 177.126)" gradientUnits="userSpaceOnUse"><stop stop-color="';

    parts[15] = color;

    parts[16] = '" /><stop offset="1" stop-color="';

    parts[17] = color;

    parts[18] =
      '" stop-opacity="0" /></radialGradient><radialGradient id="i" cx="0" cy="0" r="1" gradientTransform="matrix(23.59563 32 -33.15047 24.44394 98.506 137.893)" gradientUnits="userSpaceOnUse"><stop stop-color="#0B101A" /><stop offset=".609" stop-color="';

    parts[19] = color;

    parts[20] =
      '" /><stop offset="1" stop-color="#fff" /></radialGradient><filter id="c" width="346.748" height="277.643" x="52.9" y="108.695" color-interpolation-filters="sRGB" filterUnits="userSpaceOnUse"><feFlood flood-opacity="0" result="BackgroundImageFix" /><feBlend in="SourceGraphic" in2="BackgroundImageFix" result="shape" /><feGaussianBlur result="effect1_foregroundBlur_260_71" stdDeviation="25" /></filter><filter id="e" width="221.224" height="170.469" x="120.757" y="169.482" color-interpolation-filters="sRGB" filterUnits="userSpaceOnUse"><feFlood flood-opacity="0" result="BackgroundImageFix" /><feBlend in="SourceGraphic" in2="BackgroundImageFix" result="shape" /><feGaussianBlur result="effect1_foregroundBlur_260_71" stdDeviation="10" /></filter><filter id="g" width="446.748" height="377.643" x="14.251" y="60.147" color-interpolation-filters="sRGB" filterUnits="userSpaceOnUse"><feFlood flood-opacity="0" result="BackgroundImageFix" /><feBlend in="SourceGraphic" in2="BackgroundImageFix" result="shape" /><feGaussianBlur result="effect1_foregroundBlur_260_71" stdDeviation="50" /></filter><clipPath id="a"><rect width="390" height="500" fill="#fff" rx="13.393" /></clipPath></defs></svg>';

    // This output has been broken up into multiple outputs to avoid a stack too deep error
    string memory output1 =
      string.concat(parts[0], parts[1], parts[2], parts[3], parts[4], parts[5], parts[6], parts[7], parts[8]);
    string memory output2 =
      string.concat(parts[9], parts[10], parts[11], parts[12], parts[13], parts[14], parts[15], parts[16], parts[17]);
    string memory output = string.concat(output1, output2, parts[18], parts[19], parts[20]);
    string memory instanceUrl = string.concat(
      "https://app.llama.xyz/orgs/", LibString.toString(block.chainid), ":", LibString.toHexString(executor)
    );

    string memory json = Base64.encode(
      bytes(
        string.concat(
          '{"name": "',
          truncatedAddress,
          ' Policy", "description": "This NFT represents membership in the Llama instance: ',
          LibString.escapeJSON(name),
          ". The owner of this NFT can participate in governance according to their roles and permissions. Visit ",
          instanceUrl,
          "/policies/",
          policyholder,
          ' to see more details.", "external_url": "',
          instanceUrl,
          '", "image": "data:image/svg+xml;base64,',
          Base64.encode(bytes(output)),
          '"}'
        )
      )
    );
    output = string.concat("data:application/json;base64,", json);

    return output;
  }

  /// @inheritdoc ILlamaPolicyMetadata
  function getContractURI(string memory name, address executor) external view returns (string memory) {
    string memory instanceUrl = string.concat(
      "https://app.llama.xyz/orgs/", LibString.toString(block.chainid), ":", LibString.toHexString(executor)
    );
    string[9] memory parts;
    parts[0] = '{ "name": "Llama Policies: ';
    parts[1] = LibString.escapeJSON(name);
    parts[2] = '", "description": "This collection includes all members of the Llama instance: ';
    parts[3] = LibString.escapeJSON(name);
    parts[4] = ". Visit ";
    parts[5] = instanceUrl;
    parts[6] = ' to learn more.", "image":"https://llama.xyz/policy-nft/llama-profile.png", "external_link": "';
    parts[7] = instanceUrl;
    parts[8] = '", "banner":"https://llama.xyz/policy-nft/llama-banner.png" }';
    string memory json = Base64.encode(
      bytes(string.concat(parts[0], parts[1], parts[2], parts[3], parts[4], parts[5], parts[6], parts[7], parts[8]))
    );
    return string.concat("data:application/json;base64,", json);
  }
}

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// OpenZeppelin Contracts (last updated v4.8.0) (proxy/utils/Initializable.sol)

pragma solidity ^0.8.2;

import "../../utils/Address.sol";

/**
 * @dev This is a base contract to aid in writing upgradeable contracts, or any kind of contract that will be deployed
 * behind a proxy. Since proxied contracts do not make use of a constructor, it's common to move constructor logic to an
 * external initializer function, usually called `initialize`. It then becomes necessary to protect this initializer
 * function so it can only be called once. The {initializer} modifier provided by this contract will have this effect.
 *
 * The initialization functions use a version number. Once a version number is used, it is consumed and cannot be
 * reused. This mechanism prevents re-execution of each "step" but allows the creation of new initialization steps in
 * case an upgrade adds a module that needs to be initialized.
 *
 * For example:
 *
 * [.hljs-theme-light.nopadding]
 * ```
 * contract MyToken is ERC20Upgradeable {
 *     function initialize() initializer public {
 *         __ERC20_init("MyToken", "MTK");
 *     }
 * }
 * contract MyTokenV2 is MyToken, ERC20PermitUpgradeable {
 *     function initializeV2() reinitializer(2) public {
 *         __ERC20Permit_init("MyToken");
 *     }
 * }
 * ```
 *
 * TIP: To avoid leaving the proxy in an uninitialized state, the initializer function should be called as early as
 * possible by providing the encoded function call as the `_data` argument to {ERC1967Proxy-constructor}.
 *
 * CAUTION: When used with inheritance, manual care must be taken to not invoke a parent initializer twice, or to ensure
 * that all initializers are idempotent. This is not verified automatically as constructors are by Solidity.
 *
 * [CAUTION]
 * ====
 * Avoid leaving a contract uninitialized.
 *
 * An uninitialized contract can be taken over by an attacker. This applies to both a proxy and its implementation
 * contract, which may impact the proxy. To prevent the implementation contract from being used, you should invoke
 * the {_disableInitializers} function in the constructor to automatically lock it when it is deployed:
 *
 * [.hljs-theme-light.nopadding]
 * ```
 * /// @custom:oz-upgrades-unsafe-allow constructor
 * constructor() {
 *     _disableInitializers();
 * }
 * ```
 * ====
 */
abstract contract Initializable {
    /**
     * @dev Indicates that the contract has been initialized.
     * @custom:oz-retyped-from bool
     */
    uint8 private _initialized;

    /**
     * @dev Indicates that the contract is in the process of being initialized.
     */
    bool private _initializing;

    /**
     * @dev Triggered when the contract has been initialized or reinitialized.
     */
    event Initialized(uint8 version);

    /**
     * @dev A modifier that defines a protected initializer function that can be invoked at most once. In its scope,
     * `onlyInitializing` functions can be used to initialize parent contracts.
     *
     * Similar to `reinitializer(1)`, except that functions marked with `initializer` can be nested in the context of a
     * constructor.
     *
     * Emits an {Initialized} event.
     */
    modifier initializer() {
        bool isTopLevelCall = !_initializing;
        require(
            (isTopLevelCall && _initialized < 1) || (!Address.isContract(address(this)) && _initialized == 1),
            "Initializable: contract is already initialized"
        );
        _initialized = 1;
        if (isTopLevelCall) {
            _initializing = true;
        }
        _;
        if (isTopLevelCall) {
            _initializing = false;
            emit Initialized(1);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev A modifier that defines a protected reinitializer function that can be invoked at most once, and only if the
     * contract hasn't been initialized to a greater version before. In its scope, `onlyInitializing` functions can be
     * used to initialize parent contracts.
     *
     * A reinitializer may be used after the original initialization step. This is essential to configure modules that
     * are added through upgrades and that require initialization.
     *
     * When `version` is 1, this modifier is similar to `initializer`, except that functions marked with `reinitializer`
     * cannot be nested. If one is invoked in the context of another, execution will revert.
     *
     * Note that versions can jump in increments greater than 1; this implies that if multiple reinitializers coexist in
     * a contract, executing them in the right order is up to the developer or operator.
     *
     * WARNING: setting the version to 255 will prevent any future reinitialization.
     *
     * Emits an {Initialized} event.
     */
    modifier reinitializer(uint8 version) {
        require(!_initializing && _initialized < version, "Initializable: contract is already initialized");
        _initialized = version;
        _initializing = true;
        _;
        _initializing = false;
        emit Initialized(version);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Modifier to protect an initialization function so that it can only be invoked by functions with the
     * {initializer} and {reinitializer} modifiers, directly or indirectly.
     */
    modifier onlyInitializing() {
        require(_initializing, "Initializable: contract is not initializing");
        _;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Locks the contract, preventing any future reinitialization. This cannot be part of an initializer call.
     * Calling this in the constructor of a contract will prevent that contract from being initialized or reinitialized
     * to any version. It is recommended to use this to lock implementation contracts that are designed to be called
     * through proxies.
     *
     * Emits an {Initialized} event the first time it is successfully executed.
     */
    function _disableInitializers() internal virtual {
        require(!_initializing, "Initializable: contract is initializing");
        if (_initialized < type(uint8).max) {
            _initialized = type(uint8).max;
            emit Initialized(type(uint8).max);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Internal function that returns the initialized version. Returns `_initialized`
     */
    function _getInitializedVersion() internal view returns (uint8) {
        return _initialized;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Internal function that returns the initialized version. Returns `_initializing`
     */
    function _isInitializing() internal view returns (bool) {
        return _initializing;
    }
}

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// OpenZeppelin Contracts (last updated v4.7.0) (utils/Base64.sol)

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

/**
 * @dev Provides a set of functions to operate with Base64 strings.
 *
 * _Available since v4.5._
 */
library Base64 {
    /**
     * @dev Base64 Encoding/Decoding Table
     */
    string internal constant _TABLE = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/";

    /**
     * @dev Converts a `bytes` to its Bytes64 `string` representation.
     */
    function encode(bytes memory data) internal pure returns (string memory) {
        /**
         * Inspired by Brecht Devos (Brechtpd) implementation - MIT licence
         * https://github.com/Brechtpd/base64/blob/e78d9fd951e7b0977ddca77d92dc85183770daf4/base64.sol
         */
        if (data.length == 0) return "";

        // Loads the table into memory
        string memory table = _TABLE;

        // Encoding takes 3 bytes chunks of binary data from `bytes` data parameter
        // and split into 4 numbers of 6 bits.
        // The final Base64 length should be `bytes` data length multiplied by 4/3 rounded up
        // - `data.length + 2`  -> Round up
        // - `/ 3`              -> Number of 3-bytes chunks
        // - `4 *`              -> 4 characters for each chunk
        string memory result = new string(4 * ((data.length + 2) / 3));

        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            // Prepare the lookup table (skip the first "length" byte)
            let tablePtr := add(table, 1)

            // Prepare result pointer, jump over length
            let resultPtr := add(result, 32)

            // Run over the input, 3 bytes at a time
            for {
                let dataPtr := data
                let endPtr := add(data, mload(data))
            } lt(dataPtr, endPtr) {

            } {
                // Advance 3 bytes
                dataPtr := add(dataPtr, 3)
                let input := mload(dataPtr)

                // To write each character, shift the 3 bytes (18 bits) chunk
                // 4 times in blocks of 6 bits for each character (18, 12, 6, 0)
                // and apply logical AND with 0x3F which is the number of
                // the previous character in the ASCII table prior to the Base64 Table
                // The result is then added to the table to get the character to write,
                // and finally write it in the result pointer but with a left shift
                // of 256 (1 byte) - 8 (1 ASCII char) = 248 bits

                mstore8(resultPtr, mload(add(tablePtr, and(shr(18, input), 0x3F))))
                resultPtr := add(resultPtr, 1) // Advance

                mstore8(resultPtr, mload(add(tablePtr, and(shr(12, input), 0x3F))))
                resultPtr := add(resultPtr, 1) // Advance

                mstore8(resultPtr, mload(add(tablePtr, and(shr(6, input), 0x3F))))
                resultPtr := add(resultPtr, 1) // Advance

                mstore8(resultPtr, mload(add(tablePtr, and(input, 0x3F))))
                resultPtr := add(resultPtr, 1) // Advance
            }

            // When data `bytes` is not exactly 3 bytes long
            // it is padded with `=` characters at the end
            switch mod(mload(data), 3)
            case 1 {
                mstore8(sub(resultPtr, 1), 0x3d)
                mstore8(sub(resultPtr, 2), 0x3d)
            }
            case 2 {
                mstore8(sub(resultPtr, 1), 0x3d)
            }
        }

        return result;
    }
}

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.4;

/// @notice Library for converting numbers into strings and other string operations.
/// @author Solady (https://github.com/vectorized/solady/blob/main/src/utils/LibString.sol)
/// @author Modified from Solmate (https://github.com/transmissions11/solmate/blob/main/src/utils/LibString.sol)
library LibString {
    /*´:°•.°+.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°•.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°+.*•´.*:*/
    /*                        CUSTOM ERRORS                       */
    /*.•°:°.´+˚.*°.˚:*.´•*.+°.•°:´*.´•*.•°.•°:°.´:•˚°.*°.˚:*.´+°.•*/

    /// @dev The `length` of the output is too small to contain all the hex digits.
    error HexLengthInsufficient();

    /*´:°•.°+.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°•.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°+.*•´.*:*/
    /*                         CONSTANTS                          */
    /*.•°:°.´+˚.*°.˚:*.´•*.+°.•°:´*.´•*.•°.•°:°.´:•˚°.*°.˚:*.´+°.•*/

    /// @dev The constant returned when the `search` is not found in the string.
    uint256 internal constant NOT_FOUND = type(uint256).max;

    /*´:°•.°+.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°•.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°+.*•´.*:*/
    /*                     DECIMAL OPERATIONS                     */
    /*.•°:°.´+˚.*°.˚:*.´•*.+°.•°:´*.´•*.•°.•°:°.´:•˚°.*°.˚:*.´+°.•*/

    /// @dev Returns the base 10 decimal representation of `value`.
    function toString(uint256 value) internal pure returns (string memory str) {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            // The maximum value of a uint256 contains 78 digits (1 byte per digit), but
            // we allocate 0xa0 bytes to keep the free memory pointer 32-byte word aligned.
            // We will need 1 word for the trailing zeros padding, 1 word for the length,
            // and 3 words for a maximum of 78 digits.
            str := add(mload(0x40), 0x80)
            // Update the free memory pointer to allocate.
            mstore(0x40, add(str, 0x20))
            // Zeroize the slot after the string.
            mstore(str, 0)

            // Cache the end of the memory to calculate the length later.
            let end := str

            let w := not(0) // Tsk.
            // We write the string from rightmost digit to leftmost digit.
            // The following is essentially a do-while loop that also handles the zero case.
            for { let temp := value } 1 {} {
                str := add(str, w) // `sub(str, 1)`.
                // Write the character to the pointer.
                // The ASCII index of the '0' character is 48.
                mstore8(str, add(48, mod(temp, 10)))
                // Keep dividing `temp` until zero.
                temp := div(temp, 10)
                if iszero(temp) { break }
            }

            let length := sub(end, str)
            // Move the pointer 32 bytes leftwards to make room for the length.
            str := sub(str, 0x20)
            // Store the length.
            mstore(str, length)
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns the base 10 decimal representation of `value`.
    function toString(int256 value) internal pure returns (string memory str) {
        if (value >= 0) {
            return toString(uint256(value));
        }
        unchecked {
            str = toString(uint256(-value));
        }
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            // We still have some spare memory space on the left,
            // as we have allocated 3 words (96 bytes) for up to 78 digits.
            let length := mload(str) // Load the string length.
            mstore(str, 0x2d) // Store the '-' character.
            str := sub(str, 1) // Move back the string pointer by a byte.
            mstore(str, add(length, 1)) // Update the string length.
        }
    }

    /*´:°•.°+.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°•.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°+.*•´.*:*/
    /*                   HEXADECIMAL OPERATIONS                   */
    /*.•°:°.´+˚.*°.˚:*.´•*.+°.•°:´*.´•*.•°.•°:°.´:•˚°.*°.˚:*.´+°.•*/

    /// @dev Returns the hexadecimal representation of `value`,
    /// left-padded to an input length of `length` bytes.
    /// The output is prefixed with "0x" encoded using 2 hexadecimal digits per byte,
    /// giving a total length of `length * 2 + 2` bytes.
    /// Reverts if `length` is too small for the output to contain all the digits.
    function toHexString(uint256 value, uint256 length) internal pure returns (string memory str) {
        str = toHexStringNoPrefix(value, length);
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let strLength := add(mload(str), 2) // Compute the length.
            mstore(str, 0x3078) // Write the "0x" prefix.
            str := sub(str, 2) // Move the pointer.
            mstore(str, strLength) // Write the length.
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns the hexadecimal representation of `value`,
    /// left-padded to an input length of `length` bytes.
    /// The output is prefixed with "0x" encoded using 2 hexadecimal digits per byte,
    /// giving a total length of `length * 2` bytes.
    /// Reverts if `length` is too small for the output to contain all the digits.
    function toHexStringNoPrefix(uint256 value, uint256 length)
        internal
        pure
        returns (string memory str)
    {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            // We need 0x20 bytes for the trailing zeros padding, `length * 2` bytes
            // for the digits, 0x02 bytes for the prefix, and 0x20 bytes for the length.
            // We add 0x20 to the total and round down to a multiple of 0x20.
            // (0x20 + 0x20 + 0x02 + 0x20) = 0x62.
            str := add(mload(0x40), and(add(shl(1, length), 0x42), not(0x1f)))
            // Allocate the memory.
            mstore(0x40, add(str, 0x20))
            // Zeroize the slot after the string.
            mstore(str, 0)

            // Cache the end to calculate the length later.
            let end := str
            // Store "0123456789abcdef" in scratch space.
            mstore(0x0f, 0x30313233343536373839616263646566)

            let start := sub(str, add(length, length))
            let w := not(1) // Tsk.
            let temp := value
            // We write the string from rightmost digit to leftmost digit.
            // The following is essentially a do-while loop that also handles the zero case.
            for {} 1 {} {
                str := add(str, w) // `sub(str, 2)`.
                mstore8(add(str, 1), mload(and(temp, 15)))
                mstore8(str, mload(and(shr(4, temp), 15)))
                temp := shr(8, temp)
                if iszero(xor(str, start)) { break }
            }

            if temp {
                // Store the function selector of `HexLengthInsufficient()`.
                mstore(0x00, 0x2194895a)
                // Revert with (offset, size).
                revert(0x1c, 0x04)
            }

            // Compute the string's length.
            let strLength := sub(end, str)
            // Move the pointer and write the length.
            str := sub(str, 0x20)
            mstore(str, strLength)
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns the hexadecimal representation of `value`.
    /// The output is prefixed with "0x" and encoded using 2 hexadecimal digits per byte.
    /// As address are 20 bytes long, the output will left-padded to have
    /// a length of `20 * 2 + 2` bytes.
    function toHexString(uint256 value) internal pure returns (string memory str) {
        str = toHexStringNoPrefix(value);
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let strLength := add(mload(str), 2) // Compute the length.
            mstore(str, 0x3078) // Write the "0x" prefix.
            str := sub(str, 2) // Move the pointer.
            mstore(str, strLength) // Write the length.
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns the hexadecimal representation of `value`.
    /// The output is encoded using 2 hexadecimal digits per byte.
    /// As address are 20 bytes long, the output will left-padded to have
    /// a length of `20 * 2` bytes.
    function toHexStringNoPrefix(uint256 value) internal pure returns (string memory str) {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            // We need 0x20 bytes for the trailing zeros padding, 0x20 bytes for the length,
            // 0x02 bytes for the prefix, and 0x40 bytes for the digits.
            // The next multiple of 0x20 above (0x20 + 0x20 + 0x02 + 0x40) is 0xa0.
            str := add(mload(0x40), 0x80)
            // Allocate the memory.
            mstore(0x40, add(str, 0x20))
            // Zeroize the slot after the string.
            mstore(str, 0)

            // Cache the end to calculate the length later.
            let end := str
            // Store "0123456789abcdef" in scratch space.
            mstore(0x0f, 0x30313233343536373839616263646566)

            let w := not(1) // Tsk.
            // We write the string from rightmost digit to leftmost digit.
            // The following is essentially a do-while loop that also handles the zero case.
            for { let temp := value } 1 {} {
                str := add(str, w) // `sub(str, 2)`.
                mstore8(add(str, 1), mload(and(temp, 15)))
                mstore8(str, mload(and(shr(4, temp), 15)))
                temp := shr(8, temp)
                if iszero(temp) { break }
            }

            // Compute the string's length.
            let strLength := sub(end, str)
            // Move the pointer and write the length.
            str := sub(str, 0x20)
            mstore(str, strLength)
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns the hexadecimal representation of `value`.
    /// The output is prefixed with "0x", encoded using 2 hexadecimal digits per byte,
    /// and the alphabets are capitalized conditionally according to
    /// https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-55
    function toHexStringChecksumed(address value) internal pure returns (string memory str) {
        str = toHexString(value);
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let mask := shl(6, div(not(0), 255)) // `0b010000000100000000 ...`
            let o := add(str, 0x22)
            let hashed := and(keccak256(o, 40), mul(34, mask)) // `0b10001000 ... `
            let t := shl(240, 136) // `0b10001000 << 240`
            for { let i := 0 } 1 {} {
                mstore(add(i, i), mul(t, byte(i, hashed)))
                i := add(i, 1)
                if eq(i, 20) { break }
            }
            mstore(o, xor(mload(o), shr(1, and(mload(0x00), and(mload(o), mask)))))
            o := add(o, 0x20)
            mstore(o, xor(mload(o), shr(1, and(mload(0x20), and(mload(o), mask)))))
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns the hexadecimal representation of `value`.
    /// The output is prefixed with "0x" and encoded using 2 hexadecimal digits per byte.
    function toHexString(address value) internal pure returns (string memory str) {
        str = toHexStringNoPrefix(value);
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let strLength := add(mload(str), 2) // Compute the length.
            mstore(str, 0x3078) // Write the "0x" prefix.
            str := sub(str, 2) // Move the pointer.
            mstore(str, strLength) // Write the length.
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns the hexadecimal representation of `value`.
    /// The output is encoded using 2 hexadecimal digits per byte.
    function toHexStringNoPrefix(address value) internal pure returns (string memory str) {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            str := mload(0x40)

            // Allocate the memory.
            // We need 0x20 bytes for the trailing zeros padding, 0x20 bytes for the length,
            // 0x02 bytes for the prefix, and 0x28 bytes for the digits.
            // The next multiple of 0x20 above (0x20 + 0x20 + 0x02 + 0x28) is 0x80.
            mstore(0x40, add(str, 0x80))

            // Store "0123456789abcdef" in scratch space.
            mstore(0x0f, 0x30313233343536373839616263646566)

            str := add(str, 2)
            mstore(str, 40)

            let o := add(str, 0x20)
            mstore(add(o, 40), 0)

            value := shl(96, value)

            // We write the string from rightmost digit to leftmost digit.
            // The following is essentially a do-while loop that also handles the zero case.
            for { let i := 0 } 1 {} {
                let p := add(o, add(i, i))
                let temp := byte(i, value)
                mstore8(add(p, 1), mload(and(temp, 15)))
                mstore8(p, mload(shr(4, temp)))
                i := add(i, 1)
                if eq(i, 20) { break }
            }
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns the hex encoded string from the raw bytes.
    /// The output is encoded using 2 hexadecimal digits per byte.
    function toHexString(bytes memory raw) internal pure returns (string memory str) {
        str = toHexStringNoPrefix(raw);
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let strLength := add(mload(str), 2) // Compute the length.
            mstore(str, 0x3078) // Write the "0x" prefix.
            str := sub(str, 2) // Move the pointer.
            mstore(str, strLength) // Write the length.
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns the hex encoded string from the raw bytes.
    /// The output is encoded using 2 hexadecimal digits per byte.
    function toHexStringNoPrefix(bytes memory raw) internal pure returns (string memory str) {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let length := mload(raw)
            str := add(mload(0x40), 2) // Skip 2 bytes for the optional prefix.
            mstore(str, add(length, length)) // Store the length of the output.

            // Store "0123456789abcdef" in scratch space.
            mstore(0x0f, 0x30313233343536373839616263646566)

            let o := add(str, 0x20)
            let end := add(raw, length)

            for {} iszero(eq(raw, end)) {} {
                raw := add(raw, 1)
                mstore8(add(o, 1), mload(and(mload(raw), 15)))
                mstore8(o, mload(and(shr(4, mload(raw)), 15)))
                o := add(o, 2)
            }
            mstore(o, 0) // Zeroize the slot after the string.
            mstore(0x40, and(add(o, 31), not(31))) // Allocate the memory.
        }
    }

    /*´:°•.°+.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°•.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°+.*•´.*:*/
    /*                   RUNE STRING OPERATIONS                   */
    /*.•°:°.´+˚.*°.˚:*.´•*.+°.•°:´*.´•*.•°.•°:°.´:•˚°.*°.˚:*.´+°.•*/

    /// @dev Returns the number of UTF characters in the string.
    function runeCount(string memory s) internal pure returns (uint256 result) {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            if mload(s) {
                mstore(0x00, div(not(0), 255))
                mstore(0x20, 0x0202020202020202020202020202020202020202020202020303030304040506)
                let o := add(s, 0x20)
                let end := add(o, mload(s))
                for { result := 1 } 1 { result := add(result, 1) } {
                    o := add(o, byte(0, mload(shr(250, mload(o)))))
                    if iszero(lt(o, end)) { break }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /*´:°•.°+.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°•.*•´.*:˚.°*.˚•´.°:°•.°+.*•´.*:*/
    /*                   BYTE STRING OPERATIONS                   */
    /*.•°:°.´+˚.*°.˚:*.´•*.+°.•°:´*.´•*.•°.•°:°.´:•˚°.*°.˚:*.´+°.•*/

    // For performance and bytecode compactness, all indices of the following operations
    // are byte (ASCII) offsets, not UTF character offsets.

    /// @dev Returns `subject` all occurrences of `search` replaced with `replacement`.
    function replace(string memory subject, string memory search, string memory replacement)
        internal
        pure
        returns (string memory result)
    {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let subjectLength := mload(subject)
            let searchLength := mload(search)
            let replacementLength := mload(replacement)

            subject := add(subject, 0x20)
            search := add(search, 0x20)
            replacement := add(replacement, 0x20)
            result := add(mload(0x40), 0x20)

            let subjectEnd := add(subject, subjectLength)
            if iszero(gt(searchLength, subjectLength)) {
                let subjectSearchEnd := add(sub(subjectEnd, searchLength), 1)
                let h := 0
                if iszero(lt(searchLength, 32)) { h := keccak256(search, searchLength) }
                let m := shl(3, sub(32, and(searchLength, 31)))
                let s := mload(search)
                for {} 1 {} {
                    let t := mload(subject)
                    // Whether the first `searchLength % 32` bytes of
                    // `subject` and `search` matches.
                    if iszero(shr(m, xor(t, s))) {
                        if h {
                            if iszero(eq(keccak256(subject, searchLength), h)) {
                                mstore(result, t)
                                result := add(result, 1)
                                subject := add(subject, 1)
                                if iszero(lt(subject, subjectSearchEnd)) { break }
                                continue
                            }
                        }
                        // Copy the `replacement` one word at a time.
                        for { let o := 0 } 1 {} {
                            mstore(add(result, o), mload(add(replacement, o)))
                            o := add(o, 0x20)
                            if iszero(lt(o, replacementLength)) { break }
                        }
                        result := add(result, replacementLength)
                        subject := add(subject, searchLength)
                        if searchLength {
                            if iszero(lt(subject, subjectSearchEnd)) { break }
                            continue
                        }
                    }
                    mstore(result, t)
                    result := add(result, 1)
                    subject := add(subject, 1)
                    if iszero(lt(subject, subjectSearchEnd)) { break }
                }
            }

            let resultRemainder := result
            result := add(mload(0x40), 0x20)
            let k := add(sub(resultRemainder, result), sub(subjectEnd, subject))
            // Copy the rest of the string one word at a time.
            for {} lt(subject, subjectEnd) {} {
                mstore(resultRemainder, mload(subject))
                resultRemainder := add(resultRemainder, 0x20)
                subject := add(subject, 0x20)
            }
            result := sub(result, 0x20)
            // Zeroize the slot after the string.
            let last := add(add(result, 0x20), k)
            mstore(last, 0)
            // Allocate memory for the length and the bytes,
            // rounded up to a multiple of 32.
            mstore(0x40, and(add(last, 31), not(31)))
            // Store the length of the result.
            mstore(result, k)
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns the byte index of the first location of `search` in `subject`,
    /// searching from left to right, starting from `from`.
    /// Returns `NOT_FOUND` (i.e. `type(uint256).max`) if the `search` is not found.
    function indexOf(string memory subject, string memory search, uint256 from)
        internal
        pure
        returns (uint256 result)
    {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            for { let subjectLength := mload(subject) } 1 {} {
                if iszero(mload(search)) {
                    if iszero(gt(from, subjectLength)) {
                        result := from
                        break
                    }
                    result := subjectLength
                    break
                }
                let searchLength := mload(search)
                let subjectStart := add(subject, 0x20)

                result := not(0) // Initialize to `NOT_FOUND`.

                subject := add(subjectStart, from)
                let end := add(sub(add(subjectStart, subjectLength), searchLength), 1)

                let m := shl(3, sub(32, and(searchLength, 31)))
                let s := mload(add(search, 0x20))

                if iszero(and(lt(subject, end), lt(from, subjectLength))) { break }

                if iszero(lt(searchLength, 32)) {
                    for { let h := keccak256(add(search, 0x20), searchLength) } 1 {} {
                        if iszero(shr(m, xor(mload(subject), s))) {
                            if eq(keccak256(subject, searchLength), h) {
                                result := sub(subject, subjectStart)
                                break
                            }
                        }
                        subject := add(subject, 1)
                        if iszero(lt(subject, end)) { break }
                    }
                    break
                }
                for {} 1 {} {
                    if iszero(shr(m, xor(mload(subject), s))) {
                        result := sub(subject, subjectStart)
                        break
                    }
                    subject := add(subject, 1)
                    if iszero(lt(subject, end)) { break }
                }
                break
            }
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns the byte index of the first location of `search` in `subject`,
    /// searching from left to right.
    /// Returns `NOT_FOUND` (i.e. `type(uint256).max`) if the `search` is not found.
    function indexOf(string memory subject, string memory search)
        internal
        pure
        returns (uint256 result)
    {
        result = indexOf(subject, search, 0);
    }

    /// @dev Returns the byte index of the first location of `search` in `subject`,
    /// searching from right to left, starting from `from`.
    /// Returns `NOT_FOUND` (i.e. `type(uint256).max`) if the `search` is not found.
    function lastIndexOf(string memory subject, string memory search, uint256 from)
        internal
        pure
        returns (uint256 result)
    {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            for {} 1 {} {
                result := not(0) // Initialize to `NOT_FOUND`.
                let searchLength := mload(search)
                if gt(searchLength, mload(subject)) { break }
                let w := result

                let fromMax := sub(mload(subject), searchLength)
                if iszero(gt(fromMax, from)) { from := fromMax }

                let end := add(add(subject, 0x20), w)
                subject := add(add(subject, 0x20), from)
                if iszero(gt(subject, end)) { break }
                // As this function is not too often used,
                // we shall simply use keccak256 for smaller bytecode size.
                for { let h := keccak256(add(search, 0x20), searchLength) } 1 {} {
                    if eq(keccak256(subject, searchLength), h) {
                        result := sub(subject, add(end, 1))
                        break
                    }
                    subject := add(subject, w) // `sub(subject, 1)`.
                    if iszero(gt(subject, end)) { break }
                }
                break
            }
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns the byte index of the first location of `search` in `subject`,
    /// searching from right to left.
    /// Returns `NOT_FOUND` (i.e. `type(uint256).max`) if the `search` is not found.
    function lastIndexOf(string memory subject, string memory search)
        internal
        pure
        returns (uint256 result)
    {
        result = lastIndexOf(subject, search, uint256(int256(-1)));
    }

    /// @dev Returns whether `subject` starts with `search`.
    function startsWith(string memory subject, string memory search)
        internal
        pure
        returns (bool result)
    {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let searchLength := mload(search)
            // Just using keccak256 directly is actually cheaper.
            // forgefmt: disable-next-item
            result := and(
                iszero(gt(searchLength, mload(subject))),
                eq(
                    keccak256(add(subject, 0x20), searchLength),
                    keccak256(add(search, 0x20), searchLength)
                )
            )
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns whether `subject` ends with `search`.
    function endsWith(string memory subject, string memory search)
        internal
        pure
        returns (bool result)
    {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let searchLength := mload(search)
            let subjectLength := mload(subject)
            // Whether `search` is not longer than `subject`.
            let withinRange := iszero(gt(searchLength, subjectLength))
            // Just using keccak256 directly is actually cheaper.
            // forgefmt: disable-next-item
            result := and(
                withinRange,
                eq(
                    keccak256(
                        // `subject + 0x20 + max(subjectLength - searchLength, 0)`.
                        add(add(subject, 0x20), mul(withinRange, sub(subjectLength, searchLength))),
                        searchLength
                    ),
                    keccak256(add(search, 0x20), searchLength)
                )
            )
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns `subject` repeated `times`.
    function repeat(string memory subject, uint256 times)
        internal
        pure
        returns (string memory result)
    {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let subjectLength := mload(subject)
            if iszero(or(iszero(times), iszero(subjectLength))) {
                subject := add(subject, 0x20)
                result := mload(0x40)
                let output := add(result, 0x20)
                for {} 1 {} {
                    // Copy the `subject` one word at a time.
                    for { let o := 0 } 1 {} {
                        mstore(add(output, o), mload(add(subject, o)))
                        o := add(o, 0x20)
                        if iszero(lt(o, subjectLength)) { break }
                    }
                    output := add(output, subjectLength)
                    times := sub(times, 1)
                    if iszero(times) { break }
                }
                // Zeroize the slot after the string.
                mstore(output, 0)
                // Store the length.
                let resultLength := sub(output, add(result, 0x20))
                mstore(result, resultLength)
                // Allocate memory for the length and the bytes,
                // rounded up to a multiple of 32.
                mstore(0x40, add(result, and(add(resultLength, 63), not(31))))
            }
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns a copy of `subject` sliced from `start` to `end` (exclusive).
    /// `start` and `end` are byte offsets.
    function slice(string memory subject, uint256 start, uint256 end)
        internal
        pure
        returns (string memory result)
    {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let subjectLength := mload(subject)
            if iszero(gt(subjectLength, end)) { end := subjectLength }
            if iszero(gt(subjectLength, start)) { start := subjectLength }
            if lt(start, end) {
                result := mload(0x40)
                let resultLength := sub(end, start)
                mstore(result, resultLength)
                subject := add(subject, start)
                let w := not(31)
                // Copy the `subject` one word at a time, backwards.
                for { let o := and(add(resultLength, 31), w) } 1 {} {
                    mstore(add(result, o), mload(add(subject, o)))
                    o := add(o, w) // `sub(o, 0x20)`.
                    if iszero(o) { break }
                }
                // Zeroize the slot after the string.
                mstore(add(add(result, 0x20), resultLength), 0)
                // Allocate memory for the length and the bytes,
                // rounded up to a multiple of 32.
                mstore(0x40, add(result, and(add(resultLength, 63), w)))
            }
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns a copy of `subject` sliced from `start` to the end of the string.
    /// `start` is a byte offset.
    function slice(string memory subject, uint256 start)
        internal
        pure
        returns (string memory result)
    {
        result = slice(subject, start, uint256(int256(-1)));
    }

    /// @dev Returns all the indices of `search` in `subject`.
    /// The indices are byte offsets.
    function indicesOf(string memory subject, string memory search)
        internal
        pure
        returns (uint256[] memory result)
    {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let subjectLength := mload(subject)
            let searchLength := mload(search)

            if iszero(gt(searchLength, subjectLength)) {
                subject := add(subject, 0x20)
                search := add(search, 0x20)
                result := add(mload(0x40), 0x20)

                let subjectStart := subject
                let subjectSearchEnd := add(sub(add(subject, subjectLength), searchLength), 1)
                let h := 0
                if iszero(lt(searchLength, 32)) { h := keccak256(search, searchLength) }
                let m := shl(3, sub(32, and(searchLength, 31)))
                let s := mload(search)
                for {} 1 {} {
                    let t := mload(subject)
                    // Whether the first `searchLength % 32` bytes of
                    // `subject` and `search` matches.
                    if iszero(shr(m, xor(t, s))) {
                        if h {
                            if iszero(eq(keccak256(subject, searchLength), h)) {
                                subject := add(subject, 1)
                                if iszero(lt(subject, subjectSearchEnd)) { break }
                                continue
                            }
                        }
                        // Append to `result`.
                        mstore(result, sub(subject, subjectStart))
                        result := add(result, 0x20)
                        // Advance `subject` by `searchLength`.
                        subject := add(subject, searchLength)
                        if searchLength {
                            if iszero(lt(subject, subjectSearchEnd)) { break }
                            continue
                        }
                    }
                    subject := add(subject, 1)
                    if iszero(lt(subject, subjectSearchEnd)) { break }
                }
                let resultEnd := result
                // Assign `result` to the free memory pointer.
                result := mload(0x40)
                // Store the length of `result`.
                mstore(result, shr(5, sub(resultEnd, add(result, 0x20))))
                // Allocate memory for result.
                // We allocate one more word, so this array can be recycled for {split}.
                mstore(0x40, add(resultEnd, 0x20))
            }
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns a arrays of strings based on the `delimiter` inside of the `subject` string.
    function split(string memory subject, string memory delimiter)
        internal
        pure
        returns (string[] memory result)
    {
        uint256[] memory indices = indicesOf(subject, delimiter);
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let w := not(31)
            let indexPtr := add(indices, 0x20)
            let indicesEnd := add(indexPtr, shl(5, add(mload(indices), 1)))
            mstore(add(indicesEnd, w), mload(subject))
            mstore(indices, add(mload(indices), 1))
            let prevIndex := 0
            for {} 1 {} {
                let index := mload(indexPtr)
                mstore(indexPtr, 0x60)
                if iszero(eq(index, prevIndex)) {
                    let element := mload(0x40)
                    let elementLength := sub(index, prevIndex)
                    mstore(element, elementLength)
                    // Copy the `subject` one word at a time, backwards.
                    for { let o := and(add(elementLength, 31), w) } 1 {} {
                        mstore(add(element, o), mload(add(add(subject, prevIndex), o)))
                        o := add(o, w) // `sub(o, 0x20)`.
                        if iszero(o) { break }
                    }
                    // Zeroize the slot after the string.
                    mstore(add(add(element, 0x20), elementLength), 0)
                    // Allocate memory for the length and the bytes,
                    // rounded up to a multiple of 32.
                    mstore(0x40, add(element, and(add(elementLength, 63), w)))
                    // Store the `element` into the array.
                    mstore(indexPtr, element)
                }
                prevIndex := add(index, mload(delimiter))
                indexPtr := add(indexPtr, 0x20)
                if iszero(lt(indexPtr, indicesEnd)) { break }
            }
            result := indices
            if iszero(mload(delimiter)) {
                result := add(indices, 0x20)
                mstore(result, sub(mload(indices), 2))
            }
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns a concatenated string of `a` and `b`.
    /// Cheaper than `string.concat()` and does not de-align the free memory pointer.
    function concat(string memory a, string memory b)
        internal
        pure
        returns (string memory result)
    {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let w := not(31)
            result := mload(0x40)
            let aLength := mload(a)
            // Copy `a` one word at a time, backwards.
            for { let o := and(add(mload(a), 32), w) } 1 {} {
                mstore(add(result, o), mload(add(a, o)))
                o := add(o, w) // `sub(o, 0x20)`.
                if iszero(o) { break }
            }
            let bLength := mload(b)
            let output := add(result, mload(a))
            // Copy `b` one word at a time, backwards.
            for { let o := and(add(bLength, 32), w) } 1 {} {
                mstore(add(output, o), mload(add(b, o)))
                o := add(o, w) // `sub(o, 0x20)`.
                if iszero(o) { break }
            }
            let totalLength := add(aLength, bLength)
            let last := add(add(result, 0x20), totalLength)
            // Zeroize the slot after the string.
            mstore(last, 0)
            // Stores the length.
            mstore(result, totalLength)
            // Allocate memory for the length and the bytes,
            // rounded up to a multiple of 32.
            mstore(0x40, and(add(last, 31), w))
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns a copy of the string in either lowercase or UPPERCASE.
    function toCase(string memory subject, bool toUpper)
        internal
        pure
        returns (string memory result)
    {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let length := mload(subject)
            if length {
                result := add(mload(0x40), 0x20)
                subject := add(subject, 1)
                let flags := shl(add(70, shl(5, toUpper)), 67108863)
                let w := not(0)
                for { let o := length } 1 {} {
                    o := add(o, w)
                    let b := and(0xff, mload(add(subject, o)))
                    mstore8(add(result, o), xor(b, and(shr(b, flags), 0x20)))
                    if iszero(o) { break }
                }
                // Restore the result.
                result := mload(0x40)
                // Stores the string length.
                mstore(result, length)
                // Zeroize the slot after the string.
                let last := add(add(result, 0x20), length)
                mstore(last, 0)
                // Allocate memory for the length and the bytes,
                // rounded up to a multiple of 32.
                mstore(0x40, and(add(last, 31), not(31)))
            }
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns a lowercased copy of the string.
    function lower(string memory subject) internal pure returns (string memory result) {
        result = toCase(subject, false);
    }

    /// @dev Returns an UPPERCASED copy of the string.
    function upper(string memory subject) internal pure returns (string memory result) {
        result = toCase(subject, true);
    }

    /// @dev Escapes the string to be used within HTML tags.
    function escapeHTML(string memory s) internal pure returns (string memory result) {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            for {
                let end := add(s, mload(s))
                result := add(mload(0x40), 0x20)
                // Store the bytes of the packed offsets and strides into the scratch space.
                // `packed = (stride << 5) | offset`. Max offset is 20. Max stride is 6.
                mstore(0x1f, 0x900094)
                mstore(0x08, 0xc0000000a6ab)
                // Store "&quot;&amp;&#39;&lt;&gt;" into the scratch space.
                mstore(0x00, shl(64, 0x2671756f743b26616d703b262333393b266c743b2667743b))
            } iszero(eq(s, end)) {} {
                s := add(s, 1)
                let c := and(mload(s), 0xff)
                // Not in `["\"","'","&","<",">"]`.
                if iszero(and(shl(c, 1), 0x500000c400000000)) {
                    mstore8(result, c)
                    result := add(result, 1)
                    continue
                }
                let t := shr(248, mload(c))
                mstore(result, mload(and(t, 31)))
                result := add(result, shr(5, t))
            }
            let last := result
            // Zeroize the slot after the string.
            mstore(last, 0)
            // Restore the result to the start of the free memory.
            result := mload(0x40)
            // Store the length of the result.
            mstore(result, sub(last, add(result, 0x20)))
            // Allocate memory for the length and the bytes,
            // rounded up to a multiple of 32.
            mstore(0x40, and(add(last, 31), not(31)))
        }
    }

    /// @dev Escapes the string to be used within double-quotes in a JSON.
    function escapeJSON(string memory s) internal pure returns (string memory result) {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            for {
                let end := add(s, mload(s))
                result := add(mload(0x40), 0x20)
                // Store "\\u0000" in scratch space.
                // Store "0123456789abcdef" in scratch space.
                // Also, store `{0x08:"b", 0x09:"t", 0x0a:"n", 0x0c:"f", 0x0d:"r"}`.
                // into the scratch space.
                mstore(0x15, 0x5c75303030303031323334353637383961626364656662746e006672)
                // Bitmask for detecting `["\"","\\"]`.
                let e := or(shl(0x22, 1), shl(0x5c, 1))
            } iszero(eq(s, end)) {} {
                s := add(s, 1)
                let c := and(mload(s), 0xff)
                if iszero(lt(c, 0x20)) {
                    if iszero(and(shl(c, 1), e)) {
                        // Not in `["\"","\\"]`.
                        mstore8(result, c)
                        result := add(result, 1)
                        continue
                    }
                    mstore8(result, 0x5c) // "\\".
                    mstore8(add(result, 1), c)
                    result := add(result, 2)
                    continue
                }
                if iszero(and(shl(c, 1), 0x3700)) {
                    // Not in `["\b","\t","\n","\f","\d"]`.
                    mstore8(0x1d, mload(shr(4, c))) // Hex value.
                    mstore8(0x1e, mload(and(c, 15))) // Hex value.
                    mstore(result, mload(0x19)) // "\\u00XX".
                    result := add(result, 6)
                    continue
                }
                mstore8(result, 0x5c) // "\\".
                mstore8(add(result, 1), mload(add(c, 8)))
                result := add(result, 2)
            }
            let last := result
            // Zeroize the slot after the string.
            mstore(last, 0)
            // Restore the result to the start of the free memory.
            result := mload(0x40)
            // Store the length of the result.
            mstore(result, sub(last, add(result, 0x20)))
            // Allocate memory for the length and the bytes,
            // rounded up to a multiple of 32.
            mstore(0x40, and(add(last, 31), not(31)))
        }
    }

    /// @dev Returns whether `a` equals `b`.
    function eq(string memory a, string memory b) internal pure returns (bool result) {
        assembly {
            result := eq(keccak256(add(a, 0x20), mload(a)), keccak256(add(b, 0x20), mload(b)))
        }
    }

    /// @dev Packs a single string with its length into a single word.
    /// Returns `bytes32(0)` if the length is zero or greater than 31.
    function packOne(string memory a) internal pure returns (bytes32 result) {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            // We don't need to zero right pad the string,
            // since this is our own custom non-standard packing scheme.
            result :=
                mul(
                    // Load the length and the bytes.
                    mload(add(a, 0x1f)),
                    // `length != 0 && length < 32`. Abuses underflow.
                    // Assumes that the length is valid and within the block gas limit.
                    lt(sub(mload(a), 1), 0x1f)
                )
        }
    }

    /// @dev Unpacks a string packed using {packOne}.
    /// Returns the empty string if `packed` is `bytes32(0)`.
    /// If `packed` is not an output of {packOne}, the output behaviour is undefined.
    function unpackOne(bytes32 packed) internal pure returns (string memory result) {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            // Grab the free memory pointer.
            result := mload(0x40)
            // Allocate 2 words (1 for the length, 1 for the bytes).
            mstore(0x40, add(result, 0x40))
            // Zeroize the length slot.
            mstore(result, 0)
            // Store the length and bytes.
            mstore(add(result, 0x1f), packed)
            // Right pad with zeroes.
            mstore(add(add(result, 0x20), mload(result)), 0)
        }
    }

    /// @dev Packs two strings with their lengths into a single word.
    /// Returns `bytes32(0)` if combined length is zero or greater than 30.
    function packTwo(string memory a, string memory b) internal pure returns (bytes32 result) {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            let aLength := mload(a)
            // We don't need to zero right pad the strings,
            // since this is our own custom non-standard packing scheme.
            result :=
                mul(
                    // Load the length and the bytes of `a` and `b`.
                    or(
                        shl(shl(3, sub(0x1f, aLength)), mload(add(a, aLength))),
                        mload(sub(add(b, 0x1e), aLength))
                    ),
                    // `totalLength != 0 && totalLength < 31`. Abuses underflow.
                    // Assumes that the lengths are valid and within the block gas limit.
                    lt(sub(add(aLength, mload(b)), 1), 0x1e)
                )
        }
    }

    /// @dev Unpacks strings packed using {packTwo}.
    /// Returns the empty strings if `packed` is `bytes32(0)`.
    /// If `packed` is not an output of {packTwo}, the output behaviour is undefined.
    function unpackTwo(bytes32 packed)
        internal
        pure
        returns (string memory resultA, string memory resultB)
    {
        /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
        assembly {
            // Grab the free memory pointer.
            resultA := mload(0x40)
            resultB := add(resultA, 0x40)
            // Allocate 2 words for each string (1 for the length, 1 for the byte). Total 4 words.
            mstore(0x40, add(resultB, 0x40))
            // Zeroize the length slots.
            mstore(resultA, 0)
            mstore(resultB, 0)
            // Store the lengths and bytes.
            mstore(add(resultA, 0x1f), packed)
            mstore(add(resultB, 0x1f), mload(add(add(resultA, 0x20), mload(resultA))))
            // Right pad with zeroes.
            mstore(add(add(resultA, 0x20), mload(resultA)), 0)
            mstore(add(add(resultB, 0x20), mload(resultB)), 0)
        }
    }

    /// @dev Directly returns `a` without copying.
    function directReturn(string memory a) internal pure {
        assembly {
            // Assumes that the string does not start from the scratch space.
            let retStart := sub(a, 0x20)
            let retSize := add(mload(a), 0x40)
            // Right pad with zeroes. Just in case the string is produced
            // by a method that doesn't zero right pad.
            mstore(add(retStart, retSize), 0)
            // Store the return offset.
            mstore(retStart, 0x20)
            // End the transaction, returning the string.
            return(retStart, retSize)
        }
    }
}

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity 0.8.19;

/// @title Llama Policy Metadata
/// @author Llama ([email protected])
/// @notice Interface for utility contract to compute Llama policy metadata.
interface ILlamaPolicyMetadata {
  /// @notice Initializes a new clone of the policy metadata contract.
  /// @dev This function is called by the `_setAndInitializePolicyMetadata` function in the `LlamaPolicy` contract. The
  /// `initializer` modifier ensures that this function can be invoked at most once.
  /// @param config The policy metadata configuration, encoded as bytes to support differing initialization arguments in
  /// different policy metadata logic contracts.
  /// @return This return statement must be hardcoded to `true` to ensure that initializing an EOA
  /// (like the zero address) will revert.
  function initialize(bytes memory config) external returns (bool);

  /// @notice Returns the token URI for a given Llama policy ID.
  /// @param name The name of the Llama instance.
  /// @param executor The executor of the Llama instance.
  /// @param tokenId The token ID of the Llama policyholder.
  function getTokenURI(string memory name, address executor, uint256 tokenId) external view returns (string memory);

  /// @notice Returns the contract URI for a Llama instance's policies.
  /// @param name The name of the Llama instance.
  /// @param executor The executor of the Llama instance.
  function getContractURI(string memory name, address executor) external view returns (string memory);
}

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
// OpenZeppelin Contracts (last updated v4.8.0) (utils/Address.sol)

pragma solidity ^0.8.1;

/**
 * @dev Collection of functions related to the address type
 */
library Address {
    /**
     * @dev Returns true if `account` is a contract.
     *
     * [IMPORTANT]
     * ====
     * It is unsafe to assume that an address for which this function returns
     * false is an externally-owned account (EOA) and not a contract.
     *
     * Among others, `isContract` will return false for the following
     * types of addresses:
     *
     *  - an externally-owned account
     *  - a contract in construction
     *  - an address where a contract will be created
     *  - an address where a contract lived, but was destroyed
     * ====
     *
     * [IMPORTANT]
     * ====
     * You shouldn't rely on `isContract` to protect against flash loan attacks!
     *
     * Preventing calls from contracts is highly discouraged. It breaks composability, breaks support for smart wallets
     * like Gnosis Safe, and does not provide security since it can be circumvented by calling from a contract
     * constructor.
     * ====
     */
    function isContract(address account) internal view returns (bool) {
        // This method relies on extcodesize/address.code.length, which returns 0
        // for contracts in construction, since the code is only stored at the end
        // of the constructor execution.

        return account.code.length > 0;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Replacement for Solidity's `transfer`: sends `amount` wei to
     * `recipient`, forwarding all available gas and reverting on errors.
     *
     * https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-1884[EIP1884] increases the gas cost
     * of certain opcodes, possibly making contracts go over the 2300 gas limit
     * imposed by `transfer`, making them unable to receive funds via
     * `transfer`. {sendValue} removes this limitation.
     *
     * https://diligence.consensys.net/posts/2019/09/stop-using-soliditys-transfer-now/[Learn more].
     *
     * IMPORTANT: because control is transferred to `recipient`, care must be
     * taken to not create reentrancy vulnerabilities. Consider using
     * {ReentrancyGuard} or the
     * https://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/v0.5.11/security-considerations.html#use-the-checks-effects-interactions-pattern[checks-effects-interactions pattern].
     */
    function sendValue(address payable recipient, uint256 amount) internal {
        require(address(this).balance >= amount, "Address: insufficient balance");

        (bool success, ) = recipient.call{value: amount}("");
        require(success, "Address: unable to send value, recipient may have reverted");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Performs a Solidity function call using a low level `call`. A
     * plain `call` is an unsafe replacement for a function call: use this
     * function instead.
     *
     * If `target` reverts with a revert reason, it is bubbled up by this
     * function (like regular Solidity function calls).
     *
     * Returns the raw returned data. To convert to the expected return value,
     * use https://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/latest/units-and-global-variables.html?highlight=abi.decode#abi-encoding-and-decoding-functions[`abi.decode`].
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `target` must be a contract.
     * - calling `target` with `data` must not revert.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCall(address target, bytes memory data) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        return functionCallWithValue(target, data, 0, "Address: low-level call failed");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-}[`functionCall`], but with
     * `errorMessage` as a fallback revert reason when `target` reverts.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCall(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        return functionCallWithValue(target, data, 0, errorMessage);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-}[`functionCall`],
     * but also transferring `value` wei to `target`.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - the calling contract must have an ETH balance of at least `value`.
     * - the called Solidity function must be `payable`.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCallWithValue(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        uint256 value
    ) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        return functionCallWithValue(target, data, value, "Address: low-level call with value failed");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCallWithValue-address-bytes-uint256-}[`functionCallWithValue`], but
     * with `errorMessage` as a fallback revert reason when `target` reverts.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCallWithValue(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        uint256 value,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        require(address(this).balance >= value, "Address: insufficient balance for call");
        (bool success, bytes memory returndata) = target.call{value: value}(data);
        return verifyCallResultFromTarget(target, success, returndata, errorMessage);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-}[`functionCall`],
     * but performing a static call.
     *
     * _Available since v3.3._
     */
    function functionStaticCall(address target, bytes memory data) internal view returns (bytes memory) {
        return functionStaticCall(target, data, "Address: low-level static call failed");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-string-}[`functionCall`],
     * but performing a static call.
     *
     * _Available since v3.3._
     */
    function functionStaticCall(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal view returns (bytes memory) {
        (bool success, bytes memory returndata) = target.staticcall(data);
        return verifyCallResultFromTarget(target, success, returndata, errorMessage);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-}[`functionCall`],
     * but performing a delegate call.
     *
     * _Available since v3.4._
     */
    function functionDelegateCall(address target, bytes memory data) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        return functionDelegateCall(target, data, "Address: low-level delegate call failed");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-string-}[`functionCall`],
     * but performing a delegate call.
     *
     * _Available since v3.4._
     */
    function functionDelegateCall(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        (bool success, bytes memory returndata) = target.delegatecall(data);
        return verifyCallResultFromTarget(target, success, returndata, errorMessage);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Tool to verify that a low level call to smart-contract was successful, and revert (either by bubbling
     * the revert reason or using the provided one) in case of unsuccessful call or if target was not a contract.
     *
     * _Available since v4.8._
     */
    function verifyCallResultFromTarget(
        address target,
        bool success,
        bytes memory returndata,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal view returns (bytes memory) {
        if (success) {
            if (returndata.length == 0) {
                // only check isContract if the call was successful and the return data is empty
                // otherwise we already know that it was a contract
                require(isContract(target), "Address: call to non-contract");
            }
            return returndata;
        } else {
            _revert(returndata, errorMessage);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @dev Tool to verify that a low level call was successful, and revert if it wasn't, either by bubbling the
     * revert reason or using the provided one.
     *
     * _Available since v4.3._
     */
    function verifyCallResult(
        bool success,
        bytes memory returndata,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal pure returns (bytes memory) {
        if (success) {
            return returndata;
        } else {
            _revert(returndata, errorMessage);
        }
    }

    function _revert(bytes memory returndata, string memory errorMessage) private pure {
        // Look for revert reason and bubble it up if present
        if (returndata.length > 0) {
            // The easiest way to bubble the revert reason is using memory via assembly
            /// @solidity memory-safe-assembly
            assembly {
                let returndata_size := mload(returndata)
                revert(add(32, returndata), returndata_size)
            }
        } else {
            revert(errorMessage);
        }
    }
}

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